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Female Fertility Testing: What You Can Expect

Being disappointed time after time while you keep trying to conceive is a frustrating feeling. After trying for over one full year, it is recommended you undergo female fertility testing. Keep reading to discover what you can expect.

Expect Lots of Medical History Questions

The fertility testing journey begins with a lot of questions and tests. This usually happens after you have been actively trying to become pregnant for at least one year, but no success.

You will start by talking with your gynecologist at Women Gynecology & Childbirth Associates about your medical health and habits. It might be a bit embarrassing, but it’s the only way they can evaluate what is causing the problem. Many times there are a combination of problems causing infertility.

They will ask about your medical history and any surgeries, prescription medications, use of caffeine, alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, and any exposure to chemicals, toxins, or radiation.

In addition, they will ask about your sexual habits: how often you have sex, history of problems, STDs, or any sex outside the relationship.

You will also be asked about the following:

  • Previous pregnancies
  • Frequency of periods over the last year
  • Any irregular or missed periods
  • Any change in blood flow or any clots
  • Previous contraceptive methods used
  • Any previous fertility tests

Expect to Review Possible Causes for Infertility

Female infertility can be due to an issue with ovulation. For a man it could be a problem with sperm and how they function. Sometimes no cause is found.

Age is certainly a factor

A young couple in their 20s and early 30s have a 25-30% chance of getting pregnant in any single menstrual period. The percentage declines in early 30s and even more after age 37. At age 40, a woman has a 10% chance of getting pregnant.

Lifestyle affects fertility

Being overweight, underweight, or drinking moderate amounts of alcohol plus smoking can affect a woman’s fertility. Heavy drinking, smoking, and marijuana use can affect a man’s fertility.

Many health conditions can cause infertility

These can include pituitary or thyroid gland problems, hormonal issues, STDs, PCOS, endometriosis, and more.

Expect to Have a Series of Tests

You will have lab tests like blood and urine, imaging tests, and sometimes procedures.

These tests will help find the underlying cause for the infertility. Once the cause is found, we can determine possible treatments and next steps.

Expect to Complete the Tests Within a Few Months

Most infertility evaluations are finished within a few menstrual cycles.

Lastly, expect that after all testing is completed, many couples have an idea why they’re having trouble getting pregnant.

Contact Women Gynecology & Childbirth Associates at (585) 244-3430 if you are considering female fertility testing at our gynecology office in Rochester, NY.

Ready to get started?

Request an appointment today with one of our board-certified providers!

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